1 in 3
Latinas have experienced intimate partner violence
Prevalence & Occurrence of IPV
of victimized women experienced multiple acts of victimization
- Approximately 1 in 3 (29.7% to 37.1%) of Hispanic/Latino women have experienced physical violence by an intimate partner in their life time and 1 in 12 (8.1 %) of Hispanic/Latina women experienced this violence in the previous 12 months12,13.
- This rate is approximately the same as for women from other racial/ethnic groups. In fact, a recent study found no significant difference across racial groups once socioeconomic status was taken into consideration4.
- Reported rates of IPV were lower for Mexican immigrants (13.4%) than for persons of Mexican descent born in the United States (16.7%)1.
- These differences are consistent with other studies examining physical and mental health outcomes31, school achievement29, and substance abuse18. This surprising strength of immigrant groups despite the social and economic challenges they often face, has been labeled the immigrant paradox33. There are also differences among Latin@s based on their country of origin and level of acculturation; more years in the U.S. predicts poorer health outcomes. The apparent protective nature of being an immigrant is the subject of several current studies29,31.
- Immigrant women (including Latinas) who are married are more likely to experience IPV than unmarried women6.
- Non-immigrant Latina survivors contact formal services for IPV resources more often than immigrant Latinas9.
- A study that included 2,000 Latinas found 63.1% of women who identified being victimized in their lifetime (i.e., interpersonal victimization such as, stalking, physical assaults, weapon assaults, physical assaults in childhood, threats, sexual assault, attempted sexual assault, etc). reported having experienced more than one victimization, with an average of 2.56 victimizations5.
- In a sample of over 300 pregnant Latinas, IPV during pregnancy was reported at 10% for physical abuse and 19% for emotional abuse14.
- Research is beginning to document work related IPV among Latin@s. One study reported abusive strategies such as, on the job surveillance, on the job harrassment, and work disruption tactics. However, they also found strategies that were unique in a Latino sample, such as denying access to driver’s license, lying about childcare arrangements, and sending the partner to their country of origin temporarily13.